German language article "Das Schachspiel Der Chinesen" from the journal: "Mittheilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Natur- und Volkerkunde Ostasiens" published in 1876. Article author was Dr. O. von Moellendorff.
The titles in English would be "The Game of Chess of the Chinese" as published in the "Journal of the German Society for Natural and Cultural Science of East Asia".
Article also includes a description of three player Chinese Chess called San Guo Qi (or Game of the Three Kingdoms).
February 22, 2013 Subject:
Classical Chinese was the main form used in Chinese literary works until the May Fourth Movement, and was also used extensively in Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. The Hui people developed Jingtang Jiaoyu for representing Arabic sounds with Chinese characters. Classical Chinese has had influence of Jingtang Jiaoyu. Rather than using Standard Chinese grammar, they use the grammar of their dialect and Classical Chinese to read the Arabic sounds out loud.
Literary Chinese is also known as Wen-li, wen-li or wenli. Most Chinese people with at least a middle school education are able to read basic Classical Chinese, because the ability to read (but not write) Classical Chinese is part of the Chinese middle school and high school curricula ;. and is part of the college entrance examination. Classical Chinese is taught primarily by presenting a classical Chinese work and including a vernacular gloss that explains the meaning of phrases. Tests on classical Chinese usually ask the student to express the meaning of a paragraph in vernacular Chinese, using multiple choice. They often take the form of comprehension questions.